Existentialism is an attempt to break free from the trauma of destruction (war, climate disasters or disease). It is a philosophy that emphasizes individual existence, freedom and choice. Humans try to make rational decisions despite existing in an irrational universe.
Existentialism in an art aims to explore the role of sensory perception, particularly vision, in the thought processes, and tries to describe how we relate to one another as isolated human beings separated by physical space.
The uncertainty of contemporary life inspires artists to explore human existence permanently. The images of tormented people are initially figurative and represent images of pain through which the artists try to find a conditional language or metaphor for the image of tragedy.
Existentialist figuration focuses on the body as the central possibility of experience and as both the content and formal source of the wide-open field of visual arts. In such works of art, figures are deformed often represented as uncanny, even shocking, by means of unconventional and grotesque visualization procedures.
The struggle of modernist art to free itself from its dependence on the (human) body proved to be a utopian illusion, for the figure – whole or fragmented, barely perceptible or completely covered – remains the fundamental principle and the canon behind our visual perception of the world.